1. The Pagoda Dedicated to
    Ōno Dōken Sai Harutane
  2. The Genna Town Planning and Kazama Rokuemon
  1. Significant Dates in the History of Gatsuzōji
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The Pagoda Dedicated to Ōno Dōken Sai Harutane (of the Toyotomi Clan)

 Between the altar of Uga Tokushō Ryūjin and the Memorial Pagoda there is a five-ring pagoda with the name Amida Buddha inscribed on it, that immediately attracts the visitors' eyes. It is the grave of Ōno Dōken Sai Harutane, the third of three brothers (Harunaga, Harufusa and Harutane), chief retainers in the entourage of Toyotomi Hideyoshi. Their father, Ōno Sadonokami Dōken, was in charge of building and repairs within the Imperial Palace Precints, holding the rank of ryō (lord steward), which led to his being called Ōno the Repair Master Dōken (Ōno Shūri Ryō Dōken). Their mother was Ōkura Kyōno Tsubone, one of Asai Nagamasa's three sisters, and wet nurse to Asai Chacha (Yodogimi/ Yododono), Hideyoshi's concubine. Due to the fact that Harutane and his father shared the name Dōken, history books have often confused one with the other. The Pagoda Dedicated to Ōno Dōken Sai Harutane (of the Toyotomi Clan) During the Keichō era, the Tokugawa clan had come into power, but the Toyotomi clan, who had taken residence in the strong Osaka Castle and who had at their disposal impressive financial resources, still represented a threat. The fighting between Tokugawa and Toyotomi became fierce after the incident related to the inscription on the bell of the Hōkōji Temple, founded by Hideyoshi and restored by Hideyori. At this point, the three Ōno brothers make their appearance on the historical stage as Toyotomi supporters during the final battle with Tokugawa. The legend says that Ōno Shume Harunaga, who became a close adviser to Yododono and Hideyori after Hideyoshi's death, was actually Hideyori's father. Harufusa built the fortress at Semba, while Harutane led Toyotomi's naval forces and defended the ship holds, and it was him who had the moat around the Osaka Castle filled in after the severe defeat suffered by the army of the Toyotomi clan in November 1614 (during the Winter Campaign). After that, he initiated peace negotiations, but the battles of Yamato Kōriyama and Kishū took place and the Summer Campaign, which would stretch all the way to Sakai, began. At that time, Sakai was of interest to both armies because supplies could be readily procured there. That is why on April 28th, in order to prevent Sakai from becoming a supply base for the Tokugawa Army, Harutane gave the order to burn it down, 20,000 houses, temples and shrines being thus reduced to ashes. The war continued to the advantage of the Tokugawa Army, who gained the territory from Yao to Tennōji. On May 8th, the Osaka Castle finally fell and Harunaga committed suicide inside its walls, together with Ōkura Kyō-no-tsubone, Hideyori and Yododono. Harutane was captured in Kyoto on the 20th of May and handed over to the people from Sakai on June 27th, when he was burnt at the stake on the Nanmatsu execution place. As the mastermind of the plan to destroy by fire the town of Sakai, Harutane became the sole object of people's hatred; however, there were also feelings of compassion towards him. In fact, Harutane did nothing but carry out his lord Hideyoshi's last wish and he acted out of loyalty for the Toyotomi Clan. That is why the people of Sakai later erected a memorial pagoda near his execution place, pagoda which was later transferred to Gatsuzōji. Thirty years after the end of the Summer Campaign, in 1649, representatives of the temples, shrines and common people required the Tokugawa Shogunate to hand over a list of Ōno Shume's relatives, and the manhunt for descendants of the Toyotomi Clan continued for a long time. There are many stories related to Harufusa, some saying that he committed suicide, and some saying that he lived to fight for the restoration of the Toyotomi Clan. In the spirit of offering equal compassion for everybody, the memorial services for the repose of Ōno Harutane's soul were not discontinued. In modern times, his descendants contacted our temple, glad that his memorial pagoda had been preserved and treated with due respect here. They presented a painted scroll by Ugetsu as a donation to Gatsuzōji. 大野道犬慰霊塔 Inside the Osaka Castle there is a painted screen depicting the Summer Campaign, where one can see soldiers from the victorious Tokugawa Clan engaged in plunder and slaughter around the Castle, yet we will probably never know the real number of people who were caught in the middle of the two armies' struggle for power.